The 8 Types of Woodpeckers in Maryland: List With Pictures

The woodpecker is a distinct species of bird. They are easily identified by their habit of hammering into tree sides in search of insects and larvae. They are members of the Picidae family. Although there are numerous species of woodpeckers spread across North America, today we will concentrate on the 8 Types of Woodpeckers in Maryland.

Maryland is home to a number of common woodpeckers, such as the Hairy Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Red-bellied Woodpecker, and Red-headed Woodpecker. However, some species, like the woodpecker, are primarily found in the state’s north.

The 8 Types of Woodpeckers in Maryland

1. Red-Headed Woodpecker

Red-Headed Woodpecker

The Red-Headed Woodpecker is an incredibly interesting bird of prey that is easily identified by its striking red head and neck. This medium-sized woodpecker is fairly common in Maryland. It has a glossy black body and wings, white underparts, and a white patch at the base of its tail.

2. Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Native to Maryland, Red-Bellied Woodpeckers are a common sight in the area. Its distinctive features include ebony wings, back, and tail, as well as a red head, neck, and underparts. Distinguished from other woodpecker species mentioned, it is notable for having a wing bar visible in flight and a noticeable white patch at the base of its tail.

3. Pileated Woodpecker

Pileated Woodpecker

The magnificent Pileated Woodpecker is a striking avian presence that draws the attention of nature enthusiasts and birdwatchers alike in North America’s lush woodlands. With its striking white stripes on its wings and neck, and its sleek ebony plumage, this magnificent animal creates a striking image against the backdrop of the forest.

4. Downy Woodpecker

Downy Woodpecker

All across North America, including Maryland, is home to the small bird species known as the Downy Woodpecker. It can be quickly identified by its small, chisel-shaped beak and its characteristic black and white stripes on its head. Its large white wing patch, white underparts, and black back are all easily visible when it is in flight.

Read more: The 9 Species of Hawks in Virginia

5. Hairy Woodpecker

Hairy Woodpecker

The long, chisel-shaped beak, distinctive personality, and unusual black and white feathers make the Hairy Woodpecker, a native of Maryland, stand out. It inhabits a variety of environments, from Mexican suburban areas to Alaskan forests, and it has even been observed visiting bird feeders.

6. Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker

Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker

The medium-sized Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker is a species of woodpecker native to North America, distinguished by its striking black and white feathers. The characteristic yellow belly that makes it stand out gives rise to its name. Throughout its range, this species of woodpecker is commonly found in parks, orchards, and deciduous forests.

7. Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker

A large species of woodpecker, the Northern Flicker is found throughout North America, from Alaska to Mexico. With its brightly patterned underparts, brownish-red back and wings, black bib, and, depending on its exact morphology, a red or black mustache, this bird is easily identified by its unique appearance. The variation with the yellow-shafted morphology and black mustache is the most prevalent in Maryland.

8. Red-Cockaded Woodpecker

Red-Cockaded Woodpecker

The red-cockaded woodpecker was formerly a visitor to Maryland. It’s not impossible, but you would have to be very fortunate to spot one of these birds. In Maryland last year, there were eight reports of seeing this woodpecker. Measuring the same size as a Hairy Woodpecker, they are primarily black with some white. 

Read more: 18 Birds With Blue Eggs (in North America)

Where Can You Find Woodpeckers in Maryland?

For those who enjoy watching birds, Maryland provides plenty of chances to see woodpeckers in their native environment. It is advised to go to locations in the state that have a combination of old forests and open spaces if you want to see woodpeckers. 

Catoctin Mountain Park: This park, which is part of the stunning Catoctin Mountain range, offers great chances to see woodpeckers. Species like the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker and the Northern Flicker can be found in these forests.

Assateague Island National Seashore: This seaside sanctuary is well-known for its abundant wildlife and wild horses. In the island’s wooded areas, keep an eye out for the colorful Red-bellied Woodpecker and the unusual Pileated Woodpecker.

Patapsco Valley State Park: Many species of woodpeckers can be found in this large park close to Baltimore. Investigate the trails through the woods; you might see Downy and Hairy Woodpeckers there, especially along the riverbanks.

Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge: This vast wetland habitat is situated on Maryland’s Eastern Shore and is home to a wide variety of woodpeckers. Look for the striking Red-headed and the recognizable Ivory-billed woodpeckers.

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